Growing African Violets

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This Article Will Give You Information and Tips On How To Grow African Violets.
by Maple Tree · All Zones · Growing Basics · 0 Comments · June 17, 2014 · 6,105 views

Temperature and HumidityAfrican Violet

African violets like warmer temperatures. Temperatures that are usually comfortable for us are fine for your African Violets. Temperatures between 60 and 80 degrees F. are fine but temperatures below this can slow growth and blooming. Your home may be set at a warm temperature in the winter but next to a window it can be a lot cooler. In the winter move it away from a window to a well lite warmer location.
Besides warmer temperatures these plants like a lot of humidity. Many times in a home especially in winter when we are using our heaters there is very little humidity for them. To help promote more humidity you can set your plant on some pebbles in a tray of water. Don't fill the tray with water above the pebbles or again the soil will absorb the water and stay to wet. Many like my wife grow her African violets in the kitchen window where humidity is higher than other areas of the home. If you have a dishwasher (not your husband, boyfriend, or children) with the air gap or vent at the sink it adds a lot of humidity in the area your plant will love. You can also plant your African violets in clay pots. The clay pots absorb water and produce a more humid environment when the moisture dissipates into the air. If you are growing several pots of African violets grouping them close to each other will also help to create more humidity around them. When grouping together make sure there is sufficient room between them so that their leaves do not touch when plants are mature. You want to always maintain good air circulation around your plants to prevent fungal disease or powdery mildew. Most of us can't keep the higher humidity levels the African violets in their natural environments enjoy but can provide enough to keep them healthy and blooming. Small humidifiers can also be used in the areas of your African violets but unless you are growing a large amount of plants the few ways of creating enough additional humidity mentioned will normally be enough. Humidity level may also be one reason some have plants that are not blooming. Too little humidity, much below 50%, can cause plants to stop or slow their growth developing shriveled leaves and little or no development of flower buds or flower buds that do not open.

Fertilization

For your African violets to stay healthy and bloom well they need a consistent supply of nutrients. Fertilizers specifically formulated for African violets are easily found at your local nurseries and garden centers. Fertilizers for African Violets have a higher percentage of phosphorus that helps develop strong roots and flowering. Too high a percentage of nitrogen will force new foliage at the expense of flowers. Always carefully follow fertilizing instructions on the packaging for the fertilizer you have purchased.

Pruning

Besides the right amount of water, light, temperature, humidity, and fertilization, your African violets like to be kept clean. Keeping them clean by removing old, yellow, wilting leaves, and spent flowers will keep them constantly growing well. I guess they are sort of like me. When I'm tired and spent from a hard day, a good cleaning and prepping really gets me going again. Older plants that may have more than one crown should be divided. To keep your African Violet plant looking attractive developing crowns and offshoots or suckers should be removed helping to keep your original plant healthy. This additional growth not only hurts the original plants symmetry but its ability to produce flowers.

I always feel your African violets like most plants will show they are content and appreciative of the care you are giving them through their foliage color and flowering. I like to think their beautiful flowers are their way of smiling back at you.



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